The manifestation of global warming and climate change in our environments are increasingly becoming evident. In the past years and present days, we have seen disasters struck in nations worldwide, to name a few:           > The December 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami considered to be one of the deadliest natural disasters in record history, affected fourteen countries along the coast and borders of the Indian ocean, taking the life’s of over 230,000 people.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      >New York was brought to her mind by Super storm Sandy in October 2012, causing massive blackout in Manhattan that one will even think is in an extreme remote part of an underdeveloped Country;      >October/November 2012, Nigeria experienced flooding that killed over 350 people leaving about 2million homeless.                                                                                                                                                                                   >Haiti in January 2010, experienced a devastating earthquake with a death toll of over 100,000 people.                                                                                                                                                                                                              >Heat waves as a contributing factor to forest fires threatening the livelihood of communities and wildlife; across western and central Russia in August 2010 and recently seen in California (USA) and Australia 2013                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    >The most recent on our minds is the devastation and destruction of typhoon Haiyan in Philippine, seeing the people of Cebu, Guiuan,Tacloban cities brought to their knees, leaving millions destitute over 18,000 injured,1500 missing and 4,000 dead so far.

The big question is, where are we heading for, what is the faith of our communities, environments and nations?

It is clearly evident that no nation is 100% sure and confident of their safety from these disasters as the weather is becoming more extreme with rising in the glacier melting and sea levels as well as increased in heat wave of 32%. According to UN Metrological Organisation, the climate is changing and that last year the atmospheric greenhouse gases (Carbon Dioxide- CO₂, Methane- CH₄ and Nitrous Oxide- N₂O) are reaching record high, and carbon dioxide reaching 14%.

Carbon dioxide is considered to be responsible for 81% of warming along with methane and nitrous oxide emission from burning fossil fuels. The changes in the use of land, particularly deforestation has been a contributing factor in the carbon dioxide emission too.

If we had given serious consideration of preserving our forests and/or strongly adhere to the principles of forestation, the world would not have reached the height of alarming concerns and worries of the effect of climate change and global warming. We should be aware of the processes of transpiration and photosynthesis, the role and importance to the environment, the land and the atmosphere; for equilibration of atmospheric gaseous exchange, absorption and water movement in the soil by the plants/tress.

Deforestation is not the only contributing factor of CO₂ emission but the burning of cheap fossil fuels in conjunction with other human activities. These human activities are gradually depleting the earth trust, upsetting to natural atmospheric equilibrium, cumbering the atmosphere with heat trapping pollution causing the total heat trapping effect to 32% which is higher than it was in 1990; scaringly growing at an accelerating rate.

However, there seems to be hopes and opportunities to resolute these adverse effects of climate changes but the big question is, are we prepared to take on the challenges? Thinking of fiscal policies to support and implementation other related policies across the globe to maintain a safer atmosphere and environment.


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