Oil spills in Niger Delta, Communities impoverished by commons enclosure.

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Oil export contribute 25 to 30% to the GDP of Nigeria, yet the communities living along the Niger Delta have been impoverished by this natural resource.  75% of the 27million inhabitants of the region rely on natural resources for their livelihood. Frequent oil spills is however making live unbearable for the people. A staggering 474 oil spills was recorded in 2012 alone according to Amnesty international, Nigeria. These spills are not cleaned up properly, if any at all. the devastation of oil on the environment can not be under estimated. The land has become infertile for agricultural purpose for people who are mostly peasants. Pollution of the wetland and water bodies results in lack of drinking water, death of fishes and wildlife. Destroying the livelihood of the communities and compromising their health as well.

The multinational oil companies have relegated their corporate social responsibility codes to the background as they fail to prevent these oil spills or clean up their mess. These communities lack basic needs of health facilities, education, decent shelter, employment or infrastructure for an effect market links. Empowering the communities attain these amenities is not out of the means of these oil companies. Yet they blame the poor communities of sabotage, when their faulty and corroded equipment are the cause of these disasters.

Internationally, polluters pay for the cost of clean up, damages and loss of livelihood as a result of oil spill. BP paid millions in compensation during the recent oil spills in America. Yet in Nigeria, the people of the Niger Delta are denied their basic human right of decent living despite occupying a land which has made intruders millions. Nigerian government have to intervene with workable legislative mechanism to address this problem. World bank report stated that poverty grew in Nigeria from 28% in 1980 to 66% by 2000. Why should people live in poverty when the country is the world 6th exported of the world most sort after commodity, oil.

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One Response to “Oil spills in Niger Delta, Communities impoverished by commons enclosure.”

  1. magchez Says:

    Frankly speaking you are right to air your views the way you felt, concerning the oil spills in Niger Delta , communities impoverished by the commons enclosure. People do not need to go to OPEC to be treated right in what is 100% their human rights. The people had been enclosed by the boursgeois of the land, who had lost sight of the essential humanity of the people in the resource management equation and had completely gone out of their minds to addressing the issues concerning human capacity and needs as well as not even having any ethical consideration on how to create and direct the organisation of human resources in an efficient manner.

    However,. managing development would have been to focusing the development that would alleviate their hardship and develop personal effectiveness and interpersonal skills. In a broad sense, developing countries have come to its social implications and present inequalities in the world associated with the way it has been for over some few years. Whether this will be the right way to consider development of the capitalists for the future remains a question to be answered.

    In multinational organisation, operations are developed more intricately and deeply. In any case the political conflict sketched above have been mainly about the struggle of the commons. The criticisms of capitalism voiced in the nineteenth century by Mars and Engels cent re on the inevitable class conflict between workers and the owners of capital; it was argued that this could only be resolved by nationalization of the means of production and central planning of the economy.
    In addition, there was agreement in principle that developed countries should aim to increase their relatively small funds allocated for this purpose, specific regimes have already been established (such as ozone depletion or oil pollution at sea). Conventions are under active discussion or negotiation (such as in the mid 1990s, combating of desertification).The international community has yet to move beyond agreement on general principles (including most of Agenda 21).

    In general , however, the international politics of responding to problems for which a regime has been established is focused around the institutions of the regime itself. This type of politics, and the development and implementation of specific environmental regimes are discussed. This was important in too many African countries, for example, who appreciated a major forum in which to raise their concerns about desertification at a time when they felt that it was hard to attract high-level attention to this issue in industrial or developing countries.

    The Global Environmental Facility (GEF) was administered by World Bank, which meant that its operation was essentially controlled by the World Bank’s governing board, which was dominated by the major industrialized countries. Hence the Developing countries opposed such control, being generally suspicious of the Bank and the conditions generally attached to their grants. The World Bank established a new Inspection Panel to increase its accountability to non-state groups, and UNEP(United Nations Environmental Programme), announced new guidelines for NGO participation.
    However, it is convenient here to refer to one particular influencial model which aims to explain why human societies may over-exploit shared environment resources even where people know that they are doing so: the ‘tragedy of the commons’.

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