Today in History;11 November 1965 UDI Salisbury , Rhodesia


The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) was declared by the then Rhodesian (Zimbabwe ) white  settler Ian  Smith on 11 November 1965, claiming the right of self-government for the  white settler population in the country by then.

Ian Smith became the prime minister of Rhodesia for the Rhodesian front. It was a white only government exclusively for the white settlers in the African country of a population of 4 million.The black majority had no say in how the British colony was run.Under Smith’s white regime there was white minority rule where 220 000 white Rhodesian enjoyed privileges over nearly four million unarmed black Rhodesians.

The next day the United Nations security council condemned Mr Smiths regime in Rhodesia. This shapes the contemporary struggles of the present day Zimbabwe.


2 Responses to “Today in History;11 November 1965 UDI Salisbury , Rhodesia”

  1. mktkwad Says:

    Interesting history of Rhodesia which eventually turned to Zimbabwe-Rhodesia and finally Zimbabwe.

  2. u0953238 Says:

    This is important history of Zimbabwe.Some of the contemporary and contentious land issues of Zimbabwe. In 1888, white colonists under the auspices of the British South Africa Company, led by Cecil Rhodes, expropiated the country’s best agricultural lands and began colonial rule. By the 1950s, the struggle for self-determination by the black majority was evident. Although the British supported voting rights for the black population, the white minority government refused to share power. In 1965, Ian Smith’s regime declared independence from England and UN sanctions were placed on Rhodesia (Zimbabwe’s colonial name). The war for liberation began in 1968 and lasted through 1979. At independence in 1980, around two-fifths of the total land area was occupied by the minority white commercial farmers, while the majority black peasants remained in less arable communal areas. Negotiated ‘sunset clauses’ in the Lancaster House Agreement, which gave Zimbabwe its independence, protected white commercial farmers from government land acquisition for the first ten years.

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