Food Security and Food Sovereignty

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Food Security

Food security is to enable people at all times, to get physically, socially and economically enough food, healthy and nutritious food that meets their needs and fits their tastes to live an active life and health. The three pillars of Food Security are Accessibility, Availability, and Utilisation. The Stability of the three pillars determines the strength of Food Security. Food Security involves the physical and economic access to enough food for an active, healthy life, the availability of good quality, nutritious food from local, regional and international sources, and the stability of food supplies (Availability), access to that food and the utilisation of the food consumed. Anything that interrupts food supply and access or interferes with the utilisation of food will lead to food insecurity.

Food Security is very important because everyone is affected by the quality and availability of food, from food producers to consumers. But some people are more affected than others. For example, children and the poor and the disabled are more likely to experience food insecurity due to lack of access to what to eat nutritious food. It can be chronic food insecurity and continuing many of the negative effects on our society and our economy, our political systems. And these are some reasons that make food security an important issue for all people.

Food Sovereignty and Political Goal

The concept of food sovereignty was first time introduced in Rome in 1996 by Pia Kampsana global movement via Campesina, on the occasion of the World Food Summit sponsored by the United Nations Food and Agriculture. Food Sovereignty requires the achievement of a strategic approach that sovereignty cut with neoliberal agricultural policies imposed by the World Trade Organization, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. The work of these institutions, supported by the dominant capitalist system, to encourage the application of agricultural production and food is not unbearable at all.

The system of production, marketing and distribution of food, which is controlled by the whole agri-food industry, has shown his inability completely to ensure a minimum level of food security and achieve a sustainable production model at the level of the environment. According to a study of the Organization of the United Nations Food and Agriculture 2000, 826 million people are suffering and, in particular women and children from hunger and other forms of malnutrition, while the production of foodstuffs at the global level in sufficient quantities to feed the entire population.

Is one of the main causes of hunger and malnutrition in the object of the difficulties farmers to take advantage of natural resources such as land, water and seeds…? As the bulk of the arable land in the world controlled by the major construction transnational, and as she draws the model of export-oriented agricultural production, disregarding the needs of local people food. That these commercial agriculture, and intensive and GM put economic interests above the needs of human beings.

On the contrary, it places the concept of food sovereignty of agricultural producers in the centre of political debate, to defend the right of peoples in the production of food of their own, regardless of whether the market imposes conditions. Cut with this principle are the ability of global markets and not others to resolve the issue of food security. It comes to giving priority to local and national markets and encouraging agriculture, fishing and family education for the animals, and from there are regarded as food production, distribution and consumption standards consistently applied the social, economic and environmental.

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