Globalization is widely regarded as a means of increasing growth and creating wealth, which in turn will improve people’s livelihood. But more often than not, it has in many cases proves the opposite. Even in countries were globalization has ‘succeeded’, income distribution and the gap between different social groupings has been highly contentious. At a global scale the impact of globalization has heighten concerns for Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change. In all of these, Children are the real victims. No matter where the negative effects of globalization are felt, the most hardly hit are Children.
Climatically, globalization through global warming has brought changes in global weather patterns that have brought untold miseries on livelihoods and communities around the world. Environmental degradation and pollution are just some of the many negatives. In Pakistan, for instance, quietly recently, over 5 million people were affected by the severity of the monsoon floods, half of whom where children. Thousands of homes and hectares of farm lands on which these children depend for their livelihoods, were destroyed. In some areas, water reached waist height physically, restricting the movement of Children, causing severe health problems for them.
In terms of trade, Free Trade Agreements gives undue advantage to multilateral corporations and Developed Countries. This allows them to plunder resources, which could have been used as a Common Pool Resource to meet the basic needs of children. In Congo DR, for example, trade in mineral resources has caused massive increase in child labour. This has not only been declared illegal, but has also left them more impoverished than they could otherwise have been.
These kinds of activities have put huge pressure on financialand other resources, which could have otherwise been used to address other
developmental concerns. No wonder UNICEF– UK has presented a ‘Get Children Climate Ready Campaign’ petition to the UK Treasury ahead of the G20 Finance Ministers’ Meeting this October, 2011.
Tags: sustainable development