Climate Change and Development


Climate Change and Development

It is well known that there is an agreement amongst scientists that global warning is taking place. Though there is debate about how much of this is expected to fall under the basic of climate change and how much to human activities. However, the key contribution to ever take place in climate change is the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation by human activities which has led to the increased in carbon dioxide. The natural cause of climate change are decided or examined in other places (Houghton, 1997), for example, during the 1980s, the estimate rate of strong forest in South Africa were around 5million ha per annum (Grainger, 1993:131), which led to the reduction in precipitation and cause the increased in erosion, and also led to the carrying of other materials into rivers and causing high risk of overflowing. Although it is yet to be shown that there is an increasing idea about an environment which is getting more and more dangerous, though it must be put in a historical context where serious event have been reported differently in the past. In recent time the interaction between the ocean and the atmosphere seem to be one of those changes that took place in the past. However, the effect mentioned is among the increased level of hurricane activities and the rising levels of the sea.

Hurricane taking place in the Pacific Ocean seem to be getting stronger in the last two decades.
But a clear link has not yet been established about this, Morse and Stocking, et al (1995: 48) suggest that the existence of temperature in the surfaces of the sea seem different from the normal degree of disrupted atmosphere throughout the world.

Global warming and the rise in sea temperature have led to the cause of hurricanes storms. This has been shown in the case of the Caribbean that the rise in the surface of the sea temperature could not only lead to hurricane storms, but also changes their arrangement, Wigley and Santer (1993). In the last five years, the Caribbean has experienced the incidence of hurricane storms, and it has been the worse hurricane period since the 1930s. When combining a set of circumstances where the level of precipitation seem to be getting lower in some part of the Caribbean Basin (Walsh, 1998), a circumstances of forcefulness often show  more drought and fast land degradation through agriculture land during raining season.

By Mac-konah Tokpah


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